By: Caleb S.
10 min read
Reviewed By: Chris H.
Published on: Dec 8, 2020
Are you a science student asked to write a lab report?
Lab reports are documents used in different fields, like science and engineering. A lab report aims to explain the findings from an experiment with important data points.
In order to write a good lab report, you need to do more than just present data. You also need to demonstrate your understanding of the concepts behind the data.
Moreover, when writing a lab report, it is important to follow the formal lab report format carefully.
Lab report writing can be difficult because there are many rules that you must follow. So where do you start? You’ll find the answer in this blog!
This blog post will help you follow the proper format and make your lab reports easier to write. You will learn how to write a lab report and find some examples to make the task even easier for yourself.
So continue reading!
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A lab report format is a standardized way of organizing and presenting the results of a laboratory experiment.
It helps you present the results of your experiment in an organized, concise way. It also allows you to communicate the results of your experiment more effectively with other scientists and students.
It typically includes sections for the introduction, methods, results, and discussion of the study. However, a lab report is often broken down into eight sections:
Let’s discuss them in detail.
Your title page is the first thing people will see in your lab report.
The title page should include your name, the date, and any other relevant information such as course number or lab instructor's name. The title page format should be according to the assigned formatting style, such as the APA or IEEE.
More importantly, it contains the title of your report.
The title of your lab report should be informative and descriptive. That is, it should directly convey the main focus or purpose of your lab experiments about which you are writing a report.
Check out this sample title page for a lab report:
Title of the Lab Report
The abstract summarizes the key points of the report. It includes the purpose of the experiment, the findings, and the significance. The abstract should be one paragraph of 100-200 words.
When writing an abstract, try to answer these questions:
Here is an example of an abstract:
The study conducted in this paper evaluated how land-cover changes due to climate and land-use change will affect the geographic ranges of all 8,750 land bird species. It was found that even under environmentally benign scenarios, at least 400 species will suffer a >50% range reduction by 2050, and over 900 by 2100. These projected range contractions are driven by anthropogenic land conversions, primarily in tropical countries. In order to reduce global extinctions, a vastly expanded reserve network in the tropics and ambitious measures to reduce climate change must be taken.
The introduction of a report is the most important part. It is what motivates readers to continue reading the entire report.
The introduction includes the basic details about the experiment, such as its purpose and objectives.
Ideally, the introduction should start by discussing general information about the topic. It should then become more specific, and the aims of the study should be introduced. The hypothesis should also be introduced at this point, and it should be clear how it is related to the aims of the study.
Here is a lab report introduction example:
This lab report examines the effects of gravity on a free-falling object. In this experiment, an object was dropped from a certain height and the time it took for the object to fall was recorded. The results were then analyzed to determine how gravity affects the motion of falling objects. The objective of this experiment is to measure and analyze the acceleration due to gravity by timing a freely falling body as it descends through space under its own weight. This will be accomplished using basic physics equations and concepts such as velocity, displacement, and acceleration in order to calculate the gravitational force acting upon the test object during its descent. Additionally, we will compare our experimental results with theoretical predictions based on classical mechanics principles in order to evaluate our understanding of gravity's influence on the motion.
The methods and materials section of the lab report should provide complete details regarding the resources utilized in the experiment.
It includes the method, equipment, tools, or materials. You should also specify the quantities and variables used in your experiment in this section.
Your research methodology should be like a lab manual. Moreover, the steps undertaken during the experiment ought to be accurately written as they were actually carried out. This would help other researchers replicate the experiment.
The example below will help you understand it better:
|This study focuses on a farm in Southeastern Paraguay, where the average annual temperature is 22.4 °C and the average annual precipitation is 1670 mm. The total agricultural area of this farm is more than 3,000 hectares, divided between arable land and pastures. Crops grown include oat, to produce hay, maize, to produce silage, and soybean, which is sold in its entirety. Soil tillage interventions are carried out sporadically, on average once every five years and agricultural limestone is applied to improve soil fertility. All fertilizers used are of synthetic origin and crops are totally rain-fed. No organic fertilization or irrigation is used. This system of crop and pasture production is known to be widely adopted in the country.|
This section should feature the data collected during the experiment. When writing this section, include tables and graphs to make it easier for readers to understand.
Additionally, you should include written explanations of the results and use appropriate scientific terminology.
Presenting your data in the form of points, graphs, and tables and figures will help you highlight their statistical and scientific relevance.
Here’s an example of results from a chemistry experiment:
The results of this experiment are as follows.
The discussion section will help you show that you understand the experimental process and that you are able to think critically.
Here, you are required to explain the implications of the experimental results. You should explain how the results of your statistical tests support or refute your initial hypotheses.
In this section, you can do the following things:
Here is an example where the authors explain the findings of their research.
South American pasture-based systems generally have higher GWP at the farm gate than other major players in the world market due to shorter rearing cycles and lower dressing percentages. Enteric CH4 has a high influence on GWP, whereas manure management and feed production make less of an impact in these systems. Off-farm feed-related LUCs were tested in this study, and their influence was found to be lower than the total absolute impact. Sustainable intensification and improved efficiency in beef cattle farming are important for South America. This implies that overall GWP impacts could be reduced.
This is the last section of your lab report. In this section, you will summarize the findings of your experiment.
Moreover, this should include a brief overview of the strengths and limitations of your study and implications for further research.
A lab report conclusion looks like the example below:
This experiment sought to uncover the impact of varying water temperature on its oxygen saturation rates. From the data gathered, it is clear that colder water had the highest oxygen content, at around 6.50 mg/L in 5°C water. As temperatures increased, the available oxygen decreased gradually and linearly. This finding is contrary to our original hypothesis. While conducting this experiment, we had difficulty maintaining a consistent temperature for the duration of testing due to the water warming up during the procedure. Future experiments could be done quicker in order to create more accurate results and account for any discrepancies caused by temperature variations. It would also be interesting to observe how different variables like adding plants to the aquarium affect oxygen levels; a project which future researchers can take up. This could help us draw conclusions about what environmental factors play a role in dissolved oxygen content.
The reference section lists all sources cited in the paper (in alphabetical order). The sources, which can include books, journal articles, or any other material, must be presented at the end of your report.
The reference section is formatted according to a referencing style. It could be APA or any other formatting style. So always check with your instructor about which format to use for writing the references.
Here’s how the reference section of a lab report written in APA looks like:
Barnett, S. (2009). Quantum computation. Quantum Information. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198527626.003.0010
Dziarmaga, J. (2015). Dynamics of quantum phase transitions: Quantum Kibble-Zurek
Ideas of quantum chemistry. (2014). Ideas of Quantum Chemistry,
If you are not sure what your lab report requirements are, it is best to speak with your instructor.
Here is a video about how to write a lab report that would be helpful for you, so be sure to check it out:
Lab Report Format Examples - H2
To write a lab report that is clear and understandable to people from other fields, use simple language, and clearly represent ideas. However, if you are writing it for the first time, take a look at the below examples and get an idea of how to format your lab report.
In short, the correct format and structure are important when writing any type of lab report. Use the above resources to get started on creating an effective, well-crafted lab report that follows the correct format and style.
If you are still not sure how to format it or how to structure your ideas, it is best to get help from a professional essay writer. Their help ensures that your grades do not suffer. Thus, it is best to consult SharkPapers.com.
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Lab reports are written using standard Times New Roman font. The Font Size should be 12 points.
Moreover, the document should be double-spaced with one-inch margins on both sides. Your formatting depends on the formatting style required by your instructor.
A lab report method section should include the method used to conduct the experiment, what materials were used in the experiment, and how they were prepared. Additionally, it should also include a description of the procedure followed and any safety precautions taken during testing.
A lab report is a document detailing the results of an experiment, while a research paper is a more in-depth discussion of the background, methods, and results of a particular topic. A lab report typically involves summarizing the data collected from experiments and analyses, making observations, and drawing conclusions.
Whereas, a research paper typically provides an in-depth analysis of existing research and theories, as well as methods and results of experiments conducted. The language used in a lab report is usually more technical and simpler than that found in a research paper.
Helping students achieve their academic dreams is what brings Caleb S. the most fulfillment. With his Master's degree from Oxford University, Caleb has plenty of experience with writing that he can utilize to benefit those who seek his help. Prioritizing his client's needs, he always goes above and beyond to provide top-notch service.